Sacraments of Initiation
Part 2 History of
Initiation

Chapter i24 Medieval [1200-1299]

Preliminary Questions

Bibliography

Johnson Chapter 4

To Think About

Preliminary Questions

Initiation dissolves into three distinct sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist. Catechumenate disappears. Reification of grace, sin, and sacrament. Theology of sacramental character.

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Bibliography

Maxwell E. Johnson Chapter 4: Initiation in the Christian West During the Fourth and Fifth Centuries

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Johnson Chapter 4

Maxwell E. Johnson Chapter 4: Initiation in the Christian West During the Fourth and Fifth Centuries

Infant baptism is administered soon after birth and the catechumenate ends.

In the West, Confirmation is separated from Baptism; Communion reception separated from Christian initiation; separation of initiation from Easter/Pentecost; initiation becomes three distinct sacraments separated by intervals of time.

The Sacraments of Initiation become fragmented, and they are spread out by longer intervals of time. Theologians struggle to explain the separateness of the sacraments, developing a weak justification for confirmation separate from baptism -- calling it a spiritual "strengthening" or "maturity".

Infant baptisms are justified by the concept of original sin.

Immersions and submersions during baptism are replaced with sprinkling or affusion as the norm.

Infant communion at baptism is nearly eradicated in the Christian West.

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To Think About

 

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Copyright: Tom Richstatter, Franciscan Province of St. John the Baptist, Cincinnati Ohio, Order of Friars Minor. All Rights Reserved.  This page was created by Fr. Thomas Richstatter, O.F.M.  Every effort has been, and is being made, to acknowledge sources when the ideas are not my own.  Any failure to comply with the United States Copyright Act (Title 17, United States Code) will be corrected immediately should I become aware of it.  This site was updated on 05/15/15 .  Your comments on this site are welcome at trichstatter@franciscan.org