Sacraments of Initiation
Part 2 History of Initiation

Chapter i25 Christian Initiation during the Late Medieval [1300-1499]

Preliminary Questions

Scholastics and Initiation

To Think About

Preliminary Questions

One Baptism Ritual with ordinary (never used) form and emergency form [for sick/dying Catechumens]. Infants use Adult (emergency) Rite. Missionary exploration; large groups of pagans baptized without instruction. Confirmation delayed. Many not confirmed.

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Bibliography

Maxwell E. Johnson Chapter 6: Christian Initiation in the Middle Ages

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 Scholastics and Initiation

To understand the scholastics' theology, we need to know their experience of the liturgy. Lex orandi legem credendi constituit.

Confirmation is viewed as a sacrament of "strengthening" and is better administered at an older age (rather than to infants).

 After the official promulgation of the doctrine of Transubstantiation, first communion is delayed until the child reaches the age of reason.

Since it is possible for the child to have sinned before receiving communion, reconciliation is required before communion.

 Separation of confirmation leads to "disuse" by people.

The baptism of infants is moved away from a time with the congregation is gathered and begins to become a private affair with just family present.

Baptism is not viewed as much as an entry into the Covenant but more as a spiritual mystery that saves the infant from Hell.

The form of baptism is generally sprinkling with water and the architecture of the baptistery changes.

The Council of Florence adopts the Seven Sacraments model. 

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To Think About

 

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Copyright: Tom Richstatter, Franciscan Province of St. John the Baptist, Cincinnati Ohio, Order of Friars Minor. All Rights Reserved.  This page was created by Fr. Thomas Richstatter, O.F.M.  Every effort has been, and is being made, to acknowledge sources when the ideas are not my own.  Any failure to comply with the United States Copyright Act (Title 17, United States Code) will be corrected immediately should I become aware of it.  This site was updated on 05/15/15 .  Your comments on this site are welcome at trichstatter@franciscan.org