Anointing of the Sick
Part 2 Historical and Cultural Issues

Chapter s20 Summary History of Anointing

Preliminary Questions

1. Apostolic [0-399]

2. Patristic [400-799] 

3. Early Medieval [800-1199]

4. Medieval [1200-1299]

5. Late Medieval [1300-1499]

6. Reformation [1500-1699]

7. After Trent [1700-1899]

8. Before Vatican II [1900-1959]

9. Vatican II [1960-1975]

10. After Vatican II [1975-2050]

“In a higher world it is otherwise, but here below to live is to change, and to be perfect is to have changed often.”
(Blessed John Henry Cardinal Newman, “An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine”, 1845)

Preliminary Questions

What do you know about the history of the ways the Church has ministered to the sick?  How has this ministry changed in relation to the changes in culture? 

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1. Apostolic [0-399] 

 History of Religion in 90 Seconds    (If link does not open, simply Google "history of religion")

Olive oil recognized for its healing qualities.  Jesus himself is "the sacrament" of healing. His Church continues his ministry of compassion.

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2. Patristic [400-799]

Ritual acts (sacraments) are primarily acts of worship -- windows into the Mystery of the Kingdom announced by Christ

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3. Early Medieval [800-1199]

1

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4. Medieval [1200-1299]

1

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5. Late Medieval [1300-1499]

1

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6. Reformation [1500-1699]

The meaning of the sacrament was not obvious and could be seen as "magic" rather than an act of Christ.

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7. After Trent [1700-1899]

Ritual becomes fixed: Extreme Unction, anointing 5 senses to forgive sins in preparation for death.

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8. Before Vatican II [1900-1959]

Extreme Unction is the best way to prepare for death.

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9. Vatican II [1960-1975]

Change of name; change of "matter and form"; new context of "church," "liturgy," and "sacrament."

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10. After Vatican II [1975-2050]

Gradual shift to "healing" from "preparation for death".

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Copyright: Tom Richstatter.  All Rights Reserved.  This page was created by Fr. Thomas Richstatter, O.F.M.  Every effort has been, and is being made to acknowledge sources when the ideas are not my own.  Any failure to comply with the United States Copyright Act (Title 17, United States Code) will be corrected immediately should I become aware of it.  This site was updated on 03/05/15.  Your comments on this site are welcome at trichstatter@franciscan.org