Tentative Syllabus

12:633 The Liturgical Year

Spring Elective Course, 2017
Saint Meinrad Seminary and School of Theology
St. Meinrad, Indiana

Rev. Thomas Richstatter, O.F.M., S.T.D,
Professor of Sacramental and Liturgical Theology

Course Description

Assigned Reading

Course Outcomes

Course Method and Grading

Schedule of Topics and Assignments

Participants

I suggest that during the course you refer to this syllabus online rather than print a copy of it at the beginning of the course.  I will update it as needed in response to your questions for clarification. If you have previously viewed this page, I suggest that you click the refresh button on your web browser so that you are certain that you are viewing the most recent edition of this page.

Course Description

The Liturgical Year might appear to be a rather "secondary" topic for the student of theology, but in reality it is "where the rubber hits the road."  It is during the celebration of the liturgical year that "the people in the pew" encounter the principal mysteries of the faith.  "Within the cycle of a year Holy Mother Church unfolds the whole mystery of Christ, from the incarnation and birth until the ascension, the day of Pentecost, and the expectation of blessed hope and of the coming of the Lord." (SC 102) This course studies how the Church accomplishes this "unfolding" and examines the Roman Calendar and Lectionary in order to enable the students to be able to prepare and celebrate the liturgical celebrations of Sunday, the liturgical seasons, and feasts of Mary and the Saints in the parishes where they might minister, and to incorporate the spirit of the Liturgical Year into their personal prayer. 

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Assigned Reading

A.G. Martimort (Editor). The Church at Prayer, Volume IV, The Liturgy and Time. New Edition, Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1985.  ISBN 0814613667,  $29.95. 

Maxwell Johnson, Editor. Between Memory and Hope: Readings on the Liturgical Year. The Liturgical Press, Collegeville, 2000.  ISBN 0-8146-6025-8. Paper, $39.95.

Paul Bradshaw and Maxwell Johnson.  The Origins of Feasts, Fasts and Seasons in Early Christianity, SPCK Publishing, Liturgical Press, 2011. ISBN-13: 978-0281060542.   Paper, $15.72

Calendarium Romanum:  General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the New General Roman Calendar issued by the Sacred Congregation of Rites on March 21, 1969    Published in English by the Bishops' Committee on Divine Worship in Norms Governing Liturgical Calendars,  Liturgy Documentary Series, Number 6.  Washington DC: Office of Publishing and Promotion Services, USCCB, 1984.  Publication number 928-9.  $6.95 paper.  The first half of the text is available online at www.catholicliturgy.com 

Ordo Lectionum Missae:  General Introduction to the Roman Lectionary for Mass.   The text is available online at www.catholicliturgy.com   [The text is also printed at the beginning of the Lectionary.]  

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Course Outcomes

The anticipated outcomes of the course are:
1.  A deeper appreciation of the Church Year and its role in forming a liturgical spirituality.
2.  A familiarity with the current Roman Calendar, Sacramentary, and Lectionary and the other Church documents related to the Liturgical Year.
3.  A knowledge of the history of the Liturgical Year which will help the student appreciate its current structure and future developments.
4.  The background necessary to intelligently plan and prepare fruitful celebrations of Sunday, the liturgical seasons, and feasts in the parishes and/or monasteries  where they might minister.

This course relates especially to the following components of the program outcomes of the Master of Divinity degree.  This course will enable the participants to:
1.  competently prepare and deliver liturgical rites and norms of the Church;

2. 
incorporate the Church's intellectual tradition in preaching;
3. 
integrate knowledge and practice in a contemporary context.

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Class Method and Grading

1.  This is a graduate seminar.  Each student is responsible for the readings and postings listed in this syllabus.  While there is no examination on the readings, each  student is expected to take responsibility for the readings and use the material in their class discussion, written assignments, and future ministry. 

2.  The readings and the written assignments are not of equal length or difficulty.  Read the entire syllabus and plan ahead.

3.  The written assignments are to be posted on MOODLE by midnight of the day before the class meeting.  The grade for the assignment will be lowered 5 points if it is not posted by the deadline.     In general, the postings are to be about 1000 words in length, or the equivalent of one single spaced 12pt printed page.

4.  Learning from your classmates is one of the components of the course.  I strongly suggest that you read one another's postings on MOODLE. 

5.  The course grade will be the average of the grades of the 10 written assignments and class participation.  The participants will be evaluated on  their ability to articulate to the professor and the other participants what they have read and learned; their ability to enter into dialogue with and to critique the findings of the other participants; the quality of their insight into the process, the method, and the content of the course; and their ability to apply these findings to pastoral situations.  

6.  Absences from class for reasons other than illness require the prior approval of the professor. 

7.  See the student handbook regarding the consequences for plagiarism.

8.  The MOODLE grade book lists your grades numerically; the Saint Meinrad School Bulletin states that 95 (and above) = A; 94 = A-; 93 = B+; 92 (and lower) =B.

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Schedule of Topics and Assignments

Class #01, Thursday, September 3, 2015  -- Introduction
During Class:  Presentation of syllabus and assignments.  Summary and overview of the material to be studied.  PowerPoint:  Introduction to the Course   PowerPoint:  Overview of the Liturgical Year    Icebergs    Generational Differences   Anamnesis    Chapter y13 Overview of the Liturgical Year     Chapter y17 Bibliography

Class #02, Thursday, September 10, 2015 -- Documents
Before Class Read: 
Norms Governing Liturgical Calendars.
The Lectionary for Mass, Introduction.  
Dalmais, "Time in the Liturgy" in Martimort, pp. 1-8. 

 

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Introduction and Chapter 1:  "The Lord's day in the Apostolic age?", pp xiii-13.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 2:  "Continuing traces of the Sabbath in later Christian practice?", pp 14-24.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 3:  "Sunday in the fourth century", pp 25-28.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 4:  "The Christian week: Wednesday and Friday", pp 29-38.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 5:  "The Quartodeciman celebration", pp 39-47.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 6:  "The date of the festival ", pp 48-59.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 7:  "The development of the triduum", pp 60-68.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 8:  "Pentecost: the great 50 days ", pp 69-74.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 9:  "Initiation at Easter", pp 75-88.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 10:  "The emergence of Lent and holy week", pp 89-91.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 11:  "Three weeks and forty days", pp 92-98.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 12:  "The development of Lent", pp 99-108.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 13:  "Calculating the 40 days", pp 109-113.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 14:  "Holy Week in Jerusalem", pp 114-122.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 15:  "25 December: two competing theories", pp 123-130.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 16:  "6 January in the East", pp 131-151.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 17:  "6 January in the West", pp 152-157.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 18:  "Advent", pp 158-170.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 19:  "The first martyrs and saints", pp 171-195.

Bradshaw & Johnson.  Chapter 20:  "Mary: devotion and feasts", pp 196-214.

 


Before Class Write:   Please post on MOODLE a picture of yourself that will help me identify you and your postings.  (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)  Assignment #1:  LITURGICAL SPIRITUALITY.   The liturgical year played a very minimal role in the lives of ordinary Catholics in the United States during the first half of the 20th century (e.g. May is Mary's month, no lectionary, daily Mass for the Dead, etc.).  The Second Vatican Council attempted to restore the Liturgical Year to its rightful place in Catholic spiritual life.  Do you think this attempt was successful?  What steps need to be taken to make the liturgical year more functional in lay spirituality?   Has the "devotional" life of Catholics become more "liturgical"? 
During Class:  "The Liturgical Year is the way we read the bible."  Arrangement of readings on Sundays and weekdays per annum.   The seasons:  Christmas and the two ways of dating Christmas with the solar calendar.  Easter and the lunar calendar.  [break]  Table of liturgical feasts.   To review read:     Chapter y13 Overview of the Liturgical Year    Chapter y14 Time     Chapter y15 The Roman Calendar   Chapter y16 The Roman Lectionary 

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Class #03, Thursday, September 17, 2015 -- Time
Before Class Read: 
Johnson Chapter 1 "The Liturgical Year: Studies, Prospects, Reflections" by Robert F. Taft, pp 3-24.  
Johnson Chapter 2 "Liturgical Time in the Ancient Church: The State of Research" by Thomas J. Talley, pp 25-48.
Before Class Write:   (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)  
Assignment #2:  ANAMNESIS.  Pretend that you are giving a talk to those who are coming into the Church through the RCIA and will be baptized at Easter. You're speaking on the liturgical year and one of the catechumens asks what the Vatican Council meant (SC 102) when they said that on feast days the various mysteries of Christ "are in some way made present for all time, and the faithful are enabled to lay hold upon them and become filled with saving grace."  Respond to the question and explain the theology of Anamnesis.
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.   To review read:     Chapter y13 Overview of the Liturgical Year   Chapter y14 Time     Chapter y15 The Roman Calendar   Chapter y16 The Roman Lectionary    

Class #04, Thursday, September 24, 2015 -- Sunday
Before Class Read:  
Jounel, "Sunday and the Week" in Martimort, pp. 9-30. 
Jounel, "The Year" in Martimort, pp. 31-32. 
Jounel, "The Feasts of the Lord In Ordinary time" in Martimort, pp. 97-107.  
Johnson Chapter 3 "Day of the Lord: Day of Mystery" by H. Boone Porter, pp 49-58.
Johnson Chapter 4 "Sunday: the Heart of the Liturgical Year" by Mark Searle, pp 59-76. 
Johnson Chapter 5 "The Frequency of the Celebration of the Eucharist Throughout History" by Robert F. Taft, pp 77-98.
Before Class Write:   (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.) 
Assignment #3:  SUNDAY.   What is the current state of "Sunday" in Catholic life and spirituality?  What steps can be taken to make "Sunday" function as it should in the light of the history / theology / meaning of Sunday as contained in the assigned readings for this period. -- Note:  It saves time if you post your essay on MOODLE without the intermediate step of posting a word document.  And please post an identifying picture of your self on MOODLE. 
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.   Lecture notes:     Ten Finger History: Explanation   y21 The History of Sunday   Goldbrunner:  The Celebration of a Feast  (especially the section on "event days" and "idea days")      Chapter y25 Feasts of the Lord

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Class #05, Thursday, October 1, 2015  -- Lent
Before Class Read:   
Jounel, "The Easter Cycle" in Martimort, pp. 33-76.  
Johnson Chapter 6 "History and Eschatology in the Primitive Pascha" by Thomas J. Talley, pp 99-110.
Johnson Chapter7 "The Origins of Easter" by Paul F. Bradshaw, pp 111-124.
Before Class Write:  (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)  Assignment #4:  LENT.  In the light of the history and theology of Lent in the restored Roman Calendar, discuss contemporary individual and parish Lenten practices in the light of Baptism, penance, and the Sacrament of Reconciliation. 
During Class:  PowerPoint:  Keeping a Holy Lent.  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.   Lecture notes:   Chapter y31 Lent   Chapter y32 Passion Sunday    Chapter y33 The TriduumChapter y34 Holy Thursday   Chapter y35 Good Friday   Chapter y36 Holy Saturday.

Class #06, Thursday, October 8, 2015 -- Triduum
Before Class Read:   
Johnson Chapter 8 "The Three Days and the Forty Days" by Patrick Regan, pp 125-142. 
Johnson Chapter 9 "Veneration of the Cross" by Patrick Regan, pp 143-154.
Before Class Write:   (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)     Assignment #5:  GOOD FRIDAY.  In the light of the Good Friday liturgy and contemporary developments in the understanding of Christian Sacrifice, discuss and evaluate contemporary parish celebrations of Good Friday and the Triduum.  
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.   Lecture notes:   Chapter y31 Lent   Chapter y32 Passion Sunday    Chapter y33 The TriduumChapter y34 Holy Thursday   Chapter y35 Good Friday.

No Class, Thursday, October 15, 2015 -- Fr. Tom attending the meeting of the Canon Law Society of America

Class #07, Thursday, October 22, 2015-- Easter
Before Class Read:
Johnson Chapter 10 "Holy Week in the Byzantine Tradition" by Robert F. Taft, pp 155-182.
Johnson Chapter 11 "The Origin of Lent at Alexandria" by Thomas J. Talley, pp 183-206.
Johnson Chapter 12 "Preparation for Pascha? Lent in Christian Antiquity" by Maxwell E. Johnson, pp 207-222.
Johnson Chapter 13 "The Fifty Days and the Fiftieth Day" by Patrick Regan, pp 223-246.
Johnson Chapter 14 "Making the Most of Trinity Sunday" by Catherine Mowry LaCugna, pp 247-264.
Before Class Write:   No written assignment for this class period. 
During Class:  Presentation of the material needed to write Assignment #6 on Advent.   Lecture notes:   Chapter y41 Advent    Chapter y42 Christmas    Chapter y43 Feasts of the Christmas Season.   PowerPoint:  Advent    Discussion of the postings on Discussion of the readings.   Lecture notes:  Chapter Chapter y37 The Paschal Vigil   Chapter y38 Easter   Chapter y39 The Fifty Days / Pentecost

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Class #08, October 29 , 2015 -- Advent
Before Class Read:   
Jounel, "The Christmas Season" in Martimort, pp. 77-96. 
Johnson Chapter 15 "Constantine and Christmas" by Thomas J. Talley, pp 265-272. 
Johnson Chapter 16 "The Origins of Christmas: The State of the Question" by Susan K. Roll, pp 273-290.
Before Class Write:  (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)    Assignment #6:  ADVENT.  In the light of the history and theology of Advent in the restored Roman Calendar, as a pastor suggest to your parishioners some meaningful ways in which Advent can be celebrated in  their homes and in the parish.
During Class:   1) Survey qq and discussion of Holy Week liturgies in the light of what we have studied in this course.  2) Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.  PowerPoint:  Incarnation.    Review of lecture notes:   Chapter y41 Advent   3) Background for Assignment #7

Class #09, Thursday, November 5, 2015 -- Christmas
Before Class Read:
Johnson Chapter 17 "The Appearance of the Light at the Baptism of Jesus and the Origins of the Feast of Epiphany: An Investigation of Greek, Syriac, Armenian, and Latin Sources" by Gabriele Winkler, pp 291-348.
Johnson Chapter 18 "The Origins and Evolution of Advent in the West" by Martin J. Connell, pp 349-374.
Before Class Write:  (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)    Assignment #7:  INCARNATION.  Discuss how you might pastorally present the meaning of the Solemnity of the Incarnation in the light of the history, theology, and scriptural basis for the feast.    
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.   Lecture notes:   Chapter y42 Christmas   Chapter y43 Feasts of the Christmas Season.  Lecture notes:  Marialis Cultus (for assignment #8)

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Class #10, Thursday, November 12, 2015 -- Saints
Before Class Read:  
Pope Paul VI,  Marialis Cultus, Apostolic Exhortation for the Right Ordering and Development of Devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary (February 2, 1974).  Text available in English on the Vatican web site
Jounel, The Veneration of the Saints, pp. 108-129
Jounel, "The Veneration of the Saints" in Martimort, pp. 108-129. 
Johnson Chapter 19 "On Feasting the Saints" by John F. Baldovin, pp 375-384.  
Johnson Chapter 21 "Forgetting and Remembering the Saints" by James F. White, pp 401-414.
Before Class Write:   (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)    Assignment #8:  SAINTS.    Select a saint.  Describe the liturgical celebration of this saint.  Describe a devotional practice regarding this saint.  Evaluate the devotional practice in the light of the criteria given in Marialis Cultus.    [This assignment will be difficult if you select a saint about which you can find no known devotional practice!]
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.   Lecture notes:  Chapter y51 Saints   Chapter y53 January through December   Chapter y54 Calendar for the USA.  Presentation on the History Grid in preparation for assignment #9.

Class #11, Thursday, November 19, 2015 -- Mary
Before Class Read: 
Jounel, "The Veneration of Mary" in Martimort, pp. 130-150.  
Johnson Chapter 20 "The Marian Liturgical Tradition" by Kilian McDonnell, pp 385-400.
Johnson Chapter 22 "The One Mediator, the Saints, and Mary: A Lutheran Reflection" by Maxwell E. Johnson, pp 415-428.
Before Class Write:   (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)    Assignment #9:  MARY.  Using the 10 periods of the "History Grid" make one significant statement regarding Mariology and the place of Mary in the liturgy and/or devotional life during each of the ten historical periods.   
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.   Lecture notes:  Chapter y52 Mary

No Class, Thursday, November 26, 2015 -- Thanksgiving

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Class #12, Thursday, December 3, 2015 -- Devotions
Before Class Read: 
Johnson Chapter 23 "The Liturgical Year: Calendar for a Just Community" by John F. Baldovin, pp 429-445.
Before Class Write:  (Post on MOODLE before midnight of the Wednesday before the class date.)    Assignment #10:  CONCLUSIONS.  Explain how have the things you have read and studied during this course have influenced your spirituality.  
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE and discussion of the readings.  

Class #13, Thursday, December 10, 2015  -- Conclusions
Before Class Read:  Review the reading and class notes.
Before Class Write:  No written assignment for this class period. 
During Class:  Presentation of the postings on MOODLE assignment #10, continued from last week.   Lecture notes:  v31 Devotions   Chapter y89 Conclusions   PowerPoint:  Overview of the Liturgical Year  Reminder:  Fill out the online course evaluation.

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Participants

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Copyright: Tom Richstatter, Franciscan Province of St. John the Baptist, Cincinnati Ohio, Order of Friars Minor. All Rights Reserved.  This page was created by Fr. Thomas Richstatter, O.F.M.  Every effort has been, and is being made, to acknowledge sources when the ideas are not my own.  Any failure to comply with the United States Copyright Act (Title 17, United States Code) will be corrected immediately should I become aware of it.  This site was updated on 10/24/15 .  Your comments on this site are welcome at trichstatter@franciscan.org